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Guidelines for Rachanas:


 two lines (ll) represent the beginning and the end of a line
 one line (l) represent beats, markings after every set of beats…for example in  dwajaropanam, each set has 3 swaras in it…therefore after every three swaras, there is this marking
 colon (:) at the end of line if there is this colon, that means that line has to be repeated (from ll to ll)
 dash (-) a dash mark means that there should be no sound at that point, it will be silent
 comma (,)   the same swara as before the comma should continue at that spot
 accent marks  accent marks on top of the swaras means that it is the high sounding swara, if the accent mark is on the bottom then it is the low sounding swara…for example, Ņ in dwajaropanam is the low Ni


The first line with colon in it,  ll ……….. :ll , always has to be repeated at the end, after the last line for all rachanas (except the dwajaropanam)

These symbols and guidelines apply for all rachanas…..


ll   Ś    ,    Ś   l   D    ,    D   l   G    ,    MG   l   R   ,    S   :ll
ll   Ņ   S   G   l    M   D   D   l   G   G   MG   l   R   ,    S   :ll
ll   Ņ   S   G   l    M   D   D   l   G   M    D   l   N   Ś   Ś   l
l    Ĝ    ,    Ĝ   l    S    ,    S   l   Ĝ    ,     Ĝ   l   S    ,    N   l
l    D    ,    G   l    M   D   N  ll   Ś    ,    Ś   l   D    ,    D   l
l   G    ,    MG  l   R   ,    S  :ll   Ś    ,     ,    l    ,    -     -    ll                                   


ll   DŚ   DP   l   GR    S   l   Đ    SR   l   GR   GP   l
l    DŚ   DP   l   GR    S   l   Đ    SR   l    G     , -   :ll
ll   GR   GP   l   DP    D   l   GP   DŚ   l    DP    G    l
l     Ś    DP   l    GR   S   l   ĐP    GR  l    S    , -   :ll
ll   ŚD    Ś   l    PD    G   l   RP   GD   l   PŚ   DŔ   l
ll   ŚD    Ś   l    PD    G   l   DP    GR  l    S    , -   :ll

Note: For this rachana, Đ is the symbol for the low Dha.

Preparing for your gana



  • At least 6 pairs of sharikas. (drumsticks)
  • At least 7 items to tap drumstick on. (Can be books, binders, practice pads, carpet etc. Do NOT tap on hard ground. )
  • At least 5 rachana (song) packets


The sharika, just like books, calculators, and cars, are to be respected. Make sure your shikshartis (students) understand this, and remind them everytime they disrespect their sharikas. 

When marching, the anak is on the left side. So, make sure your shikshartis are sitting with legs folded and back straight, tapping their sharikas on their left side. Keeping your back straight prepares you for marching while carrying the heavy drum. Once appropriate, ask your shikshartis to look straight in front of them while playing to their left.  Often, we tend to play too quickly, always monitor your shiksharti’s speed. It is very difficult to change the habit of playing too fast after long time, so make sure they get it right from beginning. 

Practice is very much essential to the efficiency of each lesson. Most of the time, shikshartis go home and practice without being told, but there are always those who require little more reminding. Make sure your sessions are not too long, and make sure the shikshartis are having FUN! Otherwise, they tend not to practice!

Course Outline

**************** 1st month


Lesson 1) Holding the sharika
2) Reading the notes
3) Proper posture
Materials 1) Sharikas + Surface to tap
2) Beginning Notes (no rachanas yet...)


Forgot Anak Concepts? Need help with a rachana? Contact Sudharsan D. – 925 551 3067

Shankha Tab.

(B) -- Balaranjani (short rachanas suitable and convenient for Bala ghosh)

(V) -- Rachanas for Vyayam-Yog

Rachana Name Anak
[Play / Learn]
[Play / Learn]
[Play / Learn]
Anand (B)----
Arun (B)-----
Dwajapranam - Solo-----
Gajraj (B) (V)-----
Kaveri (V)-----
Kush (B)-----
Luv (B)-----
Malayaprabha (V)-----
Mandar (B) (V)-----
Manjari (B)----
Mayur (B)-----
Mitra (B)-----
Nag (B)-----
Nartan (B)-----
Patakarohan (B)-----
Prabhat (B)-----
Saraswati (B) (V)-----
Shiv Vandan (B)----
Shivraja (V)----
Shree Ganesh (B)----
Shubha Shree (B)----
Sindhur (B)----
Suprabh (B)-----
Sushil (B) (V)-----
Tilak Kamod-----
Vasant (B)-----
Vivek (B)-----
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